PROJECT# GF2 0441 Captive Bolt Euthanasia Training Courses for Sheep and Goat Producers

Applicant: Ontario Sheep Marketing Agency
Timeline: August 2016 to October 2017


This project will focus on hands-on training of producers on how to effectively euthanize sheep and goats on-farm using a penetrating captive bolt pistol. The decision to train using captive bolt is an important one as some producers do not have firearms on-farm and/or are not comfortable using them to euthanize animals. Training will include: providing producers with information on how to make the decision to euthanize a sheep/goat, acceptable and unacceptable methods of euthanasia, additional requirements when using a captive bolt (secondary steps), how to safely use a captive bolt, how to properly maintain a captive bolt pistol, the opportunity to practice on sheep and/or goat heads (visualize external landmarks specific to the species, bolt penetration within the skull) and a written quiz at the conclusion of training. Producers will develop a flock/herd specific euthanasia action plan upon course completion and will leave the session with their own captive bolt pistol. Multiple training courses for both sheep and goats will be offered to ensure that as many producers as possible have access to funding. Hands-on training has been used successfully in other livestock industries (ie. swine, poultry) to train producers on euthanasia methods. 

PROJECT# GF2 0470 Piloting sheep flock health clubs

Applicant: Ontario Sheep Marketing Agency
Timeline: October 2016 to October 2017


  • pilot the concept of sheep flock health clubs across Ontario;
  • aim to prove the benefits of sheep flock health clubs to strengthen the sheep producer-veterinarian relationship and its impact on farm productivity and profitability;
  • veterinary facilitated dicussion groups will provide producers with access to cost-effective veterinary advice, produce a steady income for veterinarians via monthly club subscriptions, and create further opportunities for veterinarians to work on sheep farms;
  • sheep flock health clubs will aim to provide knowledge transfer regarding health and productivity of Ontario sheep farms;
  • sheep flock health clubs  will aim to improve sheep health by improving disease prevention, recognition and appropriate treatement of common diseases, and providing a strong relationship with a veterinarian when new or emerging diseases occur;
  • produtivity will improve by better tracking, analysis, and benchmarking of important producitivity data on each farm - and participating in facilitated group discussion on how to improve.


PROJECT# R 16-5 Opportunities to diversify Ontario wool production and marketing

Applicant: University of Toronto
Dr. Nicole Klenk

Timeline: September 2016 to September 2019


  • needs assessment of the Ontario wool industry to develop communication streams within the supply chain, and connect urban end users with rural wool producers;

  • determining the challenges and opportunities connecting farmers with consumers in urban areas;

  • stimulate the diversification of sheep roduct income and preserve the cultural landscape and the vitality of Ontario's rural areas.

PROJECT# R16-4 - Fibre requirements for market lambs

Applicant: University of Guelph Ridgetown Campus 
Dr. Paul Luimes

Timeline: September 2016 to April 2019


  1. To determine how varying dietary forage to concentrate ratios affect rumen function as measured by pH and lamb growth performance (feed intake, growth rate, feed efficency and feed cost per unit gain). It is expected to give more accurate information on what level of fibre is required to maintain growth rates in lambs and be better equipped to use by-products and grains more effectively.
  2. Investigate which dietary measurements (crude protein, starch, fibre (percentages NDF, ADF eNDF) or particle size (Penn State Shaker system) best predicts rumen pH in lambs wehn fed varying dietary forages to concentrate ratios.

PROJECT # R15-1 - Development of a vaccine to protect against Toxoplasma gondii

Applicant: Dr. Sarah Wootton, University of Guelph

Timeline: March 2015 - September 2017

PROJECT # R15-1 - Development of a respiratory vaccine for sheep

Applicant: University of Saskatchewan

Timeline: April 2015 - March 2018

Objective: To identify the causative infectious agents of acute septicaemia and pneumonia deaths in Canadian feeder lambs and to then develop protective vaccines against these infectious agents to reduce morbidity and mortality losses.

PROJECT # R15-3 - Investigation of Immune Response of Sheep to Gastrointestinal Nematode

Applicant: Dr. Paula Menzies, University of Guelph

Timeline: April 2015 - March 2018

Objective: The objectives of this project are to: (i) describe the immune response of replacement ewes for gastrointestinal nematode parasite infection, over their first and second grazing seasons in Ontario; (ii) identify phenotypic variation in the immune response of these same animals to gastrointestinal nematode parasite infection, particularly to Haemonchus contortus and; (iii) identify the relationship between stress and general immune responses of sheep and the immune response to the gastrointestinal parasitism particularly to H. contortus